loader image

What Happens When The Bitcoin Supply Reaches 21 Million?

Traders from Coinbase (COIN) have powered the cryptocurrency higher.
ژانویه 17, 2023
Several South Korean companies are reportedly preparing platforms for security token offerings.
ژانویه 17, 2023

With the current rate of Bitcoin mining, it is estimated that when the supply reaches 21 million, no more Bitcoins can be created.In this article, we take a look at what could happen to Bitcoin after the supply reaches its maximum and what the implications are for investors and users.


What is the Bitcoin Supply?


When the Bitcoin supply reaches 21 million, that will be the maximum number of bitcoins that will ever exist. This is different from fiat currencies, which can be inflated at the discretion of central banks. The limited supply of bitcoins is what gives them value.

The Bitcoin network is programmed to release new bitcoins at a gradually decreasing rate. The block reward started at 50 BTC per block mined and is halved every 210,000 blocks. It is currently 12.5 BTC per block mined.

How Many Bitcoins Are Currently in Circulation?

As of July 2018, there are approximately 17.3 million bitcoins in circulation. This number is ever-changing and depends on the rate at which new bitcoins are mined and the rate at which existing bitcoins are lost.


What Happens when the Bitcoin Supply Reaches 21 Million?


When the Bitcoin supply reaches 21 million, there will be no more new Bitcoins created. This is because the Bitcoin protocol stipulates that there can only ever be 21 million Bitcoins in existence. Once all 21 million have been mined, that’s it – no more will be created.

What this means is that, unlike fiat currencies which can be printed by central banks at will, the Bitcoin supply is truly finite. This is one of the key aspects of Bitcoin that makes it such a valuable asset – its scarcity. Just like gold, there is only a limited amount of Bitcoin in circulation and this gives it value.

Of course, just because there are no more new Bitcoins does not mean that people will stop using the currency. It is still possible to transact with Bitcoin even when there are none left to mine. People will simply be using existing coins that are already in circulation.


Potential Effects of Reaching the Maximum Bitcoin Supply


When the Bitcoin supply reaches 21 million, there will be no more new Bitcoin created. This event is known as “the halving”. At this point, miners will still be incentivized to continue verifying transactions because they will earn transaction fees from users. However, without new Bitcoin being created, the value of each coin will likely increase, making Bitcoin a valuable store of value and an attractive investment asset. While it is impossible to predict exactly how reaching the maximum supply will affect Bitcoin’s price, it is reasonable to expect that it would have a positive effect on its overall value.


Strategies for Managing a Fixed Supply of Bitcoins


Assuming that the demand for bitcoins remains constant after the supply reaches 21 million, there are a few different strategies that can be employed to manage a fixed supply.

One option is to simply hold on to the bitcoins you have, in the hopes that their value will appreciate over time. This strategy requires patience and faith in the long-term prospects of bitcoin, but could pay off handsomely if the price does indeed continue to rise.

Another approach is to use your bitcoins to purchase goods and services, or invest in other assets. This has the benefit of allowing you to participate in the growth of the bitcoin economy, while also hedging your bets against any potential future decline in the value of bitcoin.

Finally, you could choose to trade your bitcoins for other cryptocurrencies or traditional fiat currencies. This allows you to take advantage of any short-term price fluctuations in the market, and could also provide a way to exit your position if you no longer believe in the long-term prospects of bitcoin.


Alternatives to Bitcoin with Unlimited or Finite Supplies


  1. Bitcoin Alternatives with Unlimited or Finite Supplies

Bitcoin’s supply is finite, which means that at some point, there will only be 21 million bitcoins in existence. While this may seem like a lot, it’s actually not that much when you consider that there are billions of people in the world. So, what happens when the last bitcoin is mined?


There are a few possible scenarios:


The value of Bitcoin could skyrocket as demand outstrips supply. This would likely lead to more people mining Bitcoin, as they would be able to sell their coins for a high price. Eventually, the supply would catch up to the demand and the price would stabilize.

Alternatively, if the price of Bitcoin stays relatively stable after the last coin is mined, then people may start to hoard their coins, leading to an even more scarce supply. This could lead to even higher prices as demand increases.

Of course, it’s also possible that nothing much changes and life goes on as normal!




When the Bitcoin supply reaches 21 million, it will mark a milestone in digital currency history and will be an important reminder of the power and potential of cryptocurrencies. By capping its supply at 21 million Bitcoins, this cryptocurrency can avoid inflation and remain resistant to manipulation from governments or central banks. Although it is not yet clear what effect reaching the maximum number of Bitcoins will have on markets, investors should keep close watch on developments if they are considering investing in this exciting new asset class.