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What is Kusama? Introduction to Kusama’s multi-chain network

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ژانویه 11, 2024
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What is Kusama? Introduction to Kusama's multi-chain network

The Kusama network consists of infrastructure and code inspired by the Polkadot project, commonly referred to as a subnetwork or test for the Polkadot project. Kusama is an advanced multi-layer network designed to test and evaluate Polkadot codes.

Getting to know Kusama Kusama’s multi-chain network

The way the code review system works in Kusama is that new features of Polkadot are tested on the Kusama network before they are implemented in Polkadot. Compared to many blockchain networks that use a test network to develop DApps (decentralized applications) and projects, Kusama provides unique conditions for testing. The network has modified operating parameters that allow it to operate four times faster than the original Polkadot project.

Kusama blockchain structure

Kusama blockchain structure

Kusama network uses two types of blockchain to process transactions and manage network activity. The main blockchain where validators are located is called Relay Chain. The relay chain has little involvement in the affairs and its task is to maintain the overall coordination of the system.

Parachains, which provide users with separate Layer 1 blockchains, are also unique. These individual layers are connected to the relay chain and ensure the security of the parachains and add to the interoperability and scalability of the Kusama network. Also, users can create their own projects called parachains, which have different architectures, features, and applications.

KSM token

The KSM token acts as the native cryptocurrency of the Kusama network, similar to the DOT currency on the Polkadot network. People who participated in the initial distribution of DOT can receive KSM tokens equal to the number of DOT they purchased. This action is done in order to encourage token holders to use the Kusama network and support its development. In addition, the KSM token plays a regulatory role in managing updates, patches, and fee payments through the parachain. By staking their KSM, validators ensure the security of the network and receive inflated rewards.

Kusama Network Management

Kusama Network Management

Kusama Network is managed by three main groups: Governance Chamber, Council, and Technical Committee.

Referendum room

  The members of this group present their suggestions to make changes in the protocol and vote them. Also, holding elections to elect board members also belongs to this group.

the Council

  This group consists of 13 members who are representatives of KSM owners. The council conducts a vote every 24 hours to elect the members of the board of directors and is responsible for electing the members of the technical committee.

Technical Committee

  Members of this group are elected by the board of directors and are responsible for determining the importance of proposals and changes to the protocol. Technical committee members are responsible for ensuring that important proposals are voted on and implemented first.

The above three groups manage the Kusama network by collaborating and deciding on protocol changes. The management system makes it possible to quickly deal with unexpected problems and make quick changes to the protocol. This capability makes the Kusama network capable of adapting to challenges and rapid changes.